Nova without Bender
alexander.boettcher at ...1...
Fri Aug 4 09:06:33 CEST 2017
On 03.08.2017 13:11, Johannes Kliemann wrote:
> I tried to use Nova without Bender with Multiboot2. Basically it works,
> but when I omit Bender, there's no serial output from either Nova or
> Genode. I couldn't find out what Bender does different to enable serial
> on Nova.
the task of Bender is to relocate modules to higher physical memory and
to detect PCI serial cards and determine the I/O ports to use them
actually. Bender writes this information to a area called Bios Data Area
The NOVA microhypervisor and 'core' of Genode look into this area and
use the information obtained from there to program and to drive the
By removing Bender, you effectively have no valid information in the BDA
anymore, and so you don't get any serial output.
> What is missing to enable serial on Nova alone?
If you don't want to use Bender, but want to have serial output, then
you have to hardcode the I/O ports for your target machine specifically
in the sources of NOVA and 'core', see  and .
> PS: It also seems that Benders Multiboot2-header  is not
> specification conform. The tags type and flags are defined as double
> word but according to the specification  these are u16 so this should
> be a word only.
You're right, I'm going to change it. Thanks!
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