No output with Genode::raw and Fiasco.OC
norman.feske at genode-labs.com
Mon Oct 5 11:50:25 CEST 2020
On 02.10.20 15:24, Simon Himmelbauer wrote:
> Anyways, regarding your timing problems, how exactly did you measure
> them? My current setup consists of taking a start and stop timestamp via
> a timer-connection but I only seem to get milliseconds-precision (I
> tried using elapsed_us() but it seems to always produce
> "microsecond"-values ending with three zeroes.). I currently run
> everything inside QEMU so I don't know whether real hardware will simply
> fix this.
apart from the lack of precision, the 'Timer::Session::elapsed_ms()' RPC
function induces unwelcome overhead, in particular the context switch
forth-and-back between your component and the timer driver and the timer
driver's interaction with the physical timer device.
For capturing timing behavior at a higher precision and with much less
overhead, you may find the 'Trace::timestamp()' utility useful. The
function returns a platform-dependent timer tick value. On x86, this
would be the time-stamp counter (TCS), on ARM it returns a CPU counter
As the value returned by 'Trace::timestamp()' depends on the platform
(e.g., the CPU frequency), you will need to apply some kind of
calibration. To determine the calibration factor, you may use the
'Timer::elapsed_ms' or 'Timer::elapsed_us' functions before running your
actual tests, e.g., by measuring the number of timer ticks passed within
As a heads-up, please regard the 'Trace::timestamp()' with a healthy
dose of skepticism. In our experience, the values are not always
perfectly proportional to real-world time. In particular,
- On the ARMv6-based Raspberry Pi, the counter value is increased only
if the CPU is not idle.
- On some x86 platforms, the TCS values are not perfectly stable.
In particular, the TCS values taken with different CPU cores cannot
be assumed to correlate.
You can find the implementations of the 'Trace::timestamp' function at
the base/include/spec/<arch>/trace/timestamp.h header, where <arch> is
the CPU architecture (like arm_64 or x86_64).
Dr.-Ing. Norman Feske
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